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What Are The Components Of A Sprinkler System?

A sprinkler system is designed to automatically water specific areas of a property. This can be done through the use of either a manual or automatic valve.

A sprinkler system consists of a water source, controller, valves and sprinklers. In order to operate properly, all of these components must work together as a cohesive unit. 

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Here is a breakdown of each:

Water Source:

A water source can be anything from an on-site well to a municipal water supply. The most important factor when choosing a water source is the availability of pressure. A high-pressure water source will deliver more water per shot than a low-pressure source, which is why it's often used in commercial settings.


The controller regulates the flow of water to the valves and sprinklers. It also maintains the system's settings, such as the distance between sprinklers and the time interval between shots. Most controllers come with preset parameters that are suitable for most situations, but you can also customize your system to match your specific needs.


Valves control the flow of water into and out of the sprinklers. When one valve is open, water can pass through; when two valves are closed, water can't flow through and will be wasted. It's important to select valves that are compatible with your system's pressure and flow requirements.

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