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Can Agriculture Be Replaced by Industries?

Civilization started with agriculture, our nomadic ancestors settled after they started growing their own food. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the cultivation of plants, animals, and other forms of life on earth. In 2006, 45 percent of the world's population worked in agriculture. The healthy agronomy and crop production at helps to maintain a good lifestyle.

Due to the apparent abundance of food due to technology of cultivation, transportation and storage; Modern man has neglected his basic dependence on agriculture. Agriculture provides nutrition, which is a key factor in health; eradicating poverty and individual livelihoods. Some of the other advantages are:

o Water – Plants are the largest consumers of freshwater. Forests receive groundwater from which we draw our daily needs. Aquaculture affects the health of coastal waters.

o Energy – Wood is the main source of fuel and energy. Modern biomass crops are growing rapidly in most countries. They provide clean energy and support economic growth.

o Health – Agriculture provides food for people. We cannot live on meat, dairy and poultry for more than 2 days without consuming whole grains, vegetables or fruits. Imagine what a lack of agriculture can do to us.

o Biodiversity – Ecological balance is only maintained, altered or destroyed by agriculture. They are essential for maintaining the development and health of our planet.

o Climate change – Reduced agricultural growth has a negative impact on climate. Extreme events and environmental disturbances will ultimately have an impact on our planet and humanity.

This is a vicious cycle in which environmental degradation affects agricultural productivity and agricultural practices affect the environment. In short, agriculture, agricultural science and technology help reduce hunger, improve livelihoods and promote economic growth.